During teething, some babies develop a lump on their gums when a tooth is about to come through; older children may also get these lumps before a permanent tooth erupts. Often known as eruption cysts or teething blisters, these bumps usually look like a bluish or even blackish bruise or blister on the gum and are typically caused by bleeding under the skin, according to Healthdirect Australia. Is there anything you need to do if your child gets an eruption cyst?
Eruption Cysts Are a Normal Part of the Teething Process
Although eruption cysts may look a little scary for you as a parent, they are typically painless and don't pose any problems for kids. Many kids won't even notice that they are there. From your perspective as a parent, these lumps are actually a useful indicator that a tooth is getting ready to come through the gum.
You'll usually find that the cyst disappears naturally of its own accord once the tooth comes through without the need for any treatment, so the best course of action is usually to leave the cyst alone. Although popping or pricking an eruption cyst may be tempting, especially if it looks like a blister, you shouldn't do this. If you open up the cyst, it may get infected, become painful and require treatment.
When to Consult Your Dentist
According to Healthdirect Australia, you should consult your dentist about an eruption cyst if your child's tooth doesn't erupt within a month or so of the cyst appearing. This may mean that the tooth is having problems pushing through the gum as it should. If this happens, the tooth may need a little professional help. For example, your dentist may want to make a cut in the gum to give the tooth an exit point, hopefully then encouraging it to drop down into position.
You should also make an appointment to see your dentist if the cyst doesn't disappear after a tooth has come through or if it causes your child significant pain. Although eruption cysts typically don't hurt, they may occasionally get infected and become painful, at which point they may need to be treated.
Warning: Lumps or bumps on the gum that develop when children aren't at the teething or adult teeth eruption stage should always be checked out by a dentist. Cysts that aren't related to teeth coming through may require dental treatment.
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