This article will provide you with lots of useful info about periodontal treatments. Read on to find out everything you need to know.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a condition that affects the mouth and associated tissues. It occurs when plaque builds up and forms ulcers or cavities on the gums and surrounding tissues. This can affect the ability to chew, talk, and eat, and it can also put you at risk of gum disease in other areas of the body.
What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
Gum disease in the mouth may also cause other symptoms. A person with gum disease may experience:
It is important to see a periodontist if the above symptoms appear. Treatment is often needed, and possible drugs and/or injections may be required.
What are the different types of treatment?
There are two main treatment options for periodontal disease. These are total periodontal therapy and tissue grafting procedures.
Total periodontal therapy
The purpose is to completely clean your gums out, including the tissues around your teeth. This includes all hard-to-reach areas on your teeth, including your maxillary and mandibular (upper and lower) teeth. This will also help to remove any bacteria that are trapped between your teeth. The dentist will use special brushes, a long needle, and a tool to clean out all of the infection. This is a form of curettage that can help to reduce the level of swelling, infection and bleeding. Your dentist will only carry this out if there is no significant damage to the tissue that surrounds each tooth. If there is damage, they may need to also perform a grafting treatment.
This treatment involves removing diseased and damaged sections of the gum line. Once this process is completed, a dentist will graft healthy tissue onto the area. Once the graft fuses with the surrounding tissue, your gum line will be restored to its former glory.
Both treatments will treat periodontal disease, but the total periodontal therapy will make sure all the diseased tissue is removed. If you would like further advice and information, you should get in touch with a dental clinic that offers periodontal treatments. A dental professional will be happy to book you in for an assessment.
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